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Innovations in Pakistan

Harm reduction programmes to improve the health and rights of People Who Use Drugs (PWUD) show similarities all over the world. In countries where PWUD lack access of quality harm reduction services; are being criminalised; and human rights are being violated, Mainline works hard to promote health and rights to the often ostracised and hidden populations. 

Outreach work forms an essential foundation for all harm reduction interventions and is the backbone of an organisation.

Through outreach workers – or low threshold locations – several services are delivered to those who need them, people are educated on safe drug use and, if necessary, are referred to health services as per own need.

However, experience shows different challenges in order to provide sustainable harm reduction services to this often hard-to-reach population.


Mainline believes
that quality harm reduction programmes should be efficiently targeted to the needs of the client and should be sustainable, consistent and widely available. This can only take place if services are embedded in a broader continuum of care for PWUD. However, organisations struggle to collect real-time data and assess the actual impact of their work. And with constant – political and financial – setbacks in our work, it is hard to set a quality standard.



Mainline believes that innovative solutions can overcome some of these challenges. Innovation and creativity within the harm reduction field are not only much needed, but it is the only way harm reduction can survive in the long run.

The Bridging the Gaps 2 programme fully embraces innovation and sees it as a means to sustainable solutions where current practices stop. The programme allows Mainline the unique opportunity to improve the quality of services, pilot new interventions and to learn.

By putting innovation high on our BtG2 agenda, Mainline hopes to benefit all of its partners within the programme and beyond in order to flag the importance of data collection, improve the quality standards of local programmes and increase access to harm reduction services for those who use drugs worldwide.

Mainline hopes to leave a positive mark in the harm reduction community and other key populations, such as sex workers and the LGBT-community.

Want to know more?


Our partners in Pakistan

Pilots in Pakistan

News from Pakistan


Contact

Innovation- and Country Manager Pakistan: 
Nick Veldwijk


Innovations in Pakistan

The HIV-epidemic in Pakistan is centralised and concentrated. In Pakistan, HIV mainly affects people who inject drugs. In a country where drug use – although widespread – is a huge taboo and where sexuality is not always easily discussed – you can find one of the world’s most successful harm reduction programmes.

It is in Pakistan where Mainline supports and implements most of its innovative work. Read more about our current innovative pilots in Pakistan and find out how other key populations can also benefit from successful and/or failed pilots.

Our current projects


Train-the-trainer programme

In 2017, Mainline launched its first international train-the-trainer (ToT) programme. The objective of the programme is to develop the in-house training capacity of local partner organisations, making Mainlines capacity building efforts more sustainable in the long term.

> Read more

Vietnam

In the last decade, the use of methamphetamine – also referred to as ‘meth’ or ‘ice’ – has increased significantly throughout Southeast Asia. And Vietnam is not an exception.

> Read more

Advocacy for women who use drugs in the MENA region

Mainline works with the Middle East and North Africa Harm Reduction Association (MENAHRA) to improve the position of women who use drugs (WWUD). We designed a manual for local organisations in the MENA region. The aim of this manual is to provide practical guidelines to advocate for harm reduction services for women. 

> Read more
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Indonesia

Indonesia (pop. 254 million) is located in Southeast Asia and comprises 17,000 islands and 34 provinces.

> Read more
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Tanzania

Harm reduction in Tanzania: a delicate balance Under the Bridging the Gaps 2 programme, Mainline aspires to support harm reduction services in Tanzania. To fully understand the opportunities, needs and socio-political circumstances, Mainline organised two scoping visits in 2016. The situation for people who use drugs in the United Republic of Tanzania is delicate.

> Read more
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Chemsex

In the gay scene the use of drugs during sex is a growing worldwide phenomenon. Here, the emergence of the practise of crystal meth and injecting drugs (slamming) is striking. On dating apps and websites, men seek other men with the same intentions for sex, often using screening terms such as ‘high and horny’, ‘party and play’, ‘chems-friendly’, ‘chems, party’, ‘chill out’ or ‘sleazy sex’. Among professionals, sex under the influence of drugs by men who have sex with men (MSM) is known as 'chemsex'.

> Read more

Harm reduction for stimulant users

A MAINLINE-GIZ STUDY

With the support of the Global Partnership on Drug Policies and Development (GPDPD), a project implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, a team of three Mainline researchers conducted a study into effective harm reduction interventions for stimulant users. The study includes a review of the evidence for different harm reduction strategies for stimulants and a detailed description of seven good practices in different world regions.  

> Read more
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Bridging the Gaps2: 2016 - 2020

Indonesia, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, Tanzania and Vietnam (new!)

The Bridging the Gaps programme started its second phase in January 2016 and will continue to 2020. The shared goals remain the same as the first programme: to improve the health and rights of people who use drugs, sex workers and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs fundsBridging the Gaps. Mainline is one of the lead organisations to focus on the health and rights of people who use drugs. 

> Read more
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Nepal

Nepal has a long history of drug use. Cannabis is sanctioned for use on certain religious occasions. The use of smoked opium has been quite common in the country. But drug use only began to be seen as a problem in the country in the mid-1960s and early 1970s with the influx of travelling hippies from Europe and the US.

> Read more
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Georgia

Transition management in Georgia: everyone deserves a second chance!

Everyone deserves a second chance in life. But how can you best support people who were just released from prison? What does quality support look like where it comes to the rehabilitation and resocialisation of inmates, former inmates and probationers? And what level of additional support does a person who uses drugs need in this process? A new project in Georgia intends to set the standard.

> Read more

Multi-country study on harm reduction and community involvement

Funded by Bridging the Gaps and set to take place in four countries - Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, South Africa and the UK – this study aims to understand how involvement of people who use drugs can influence the quality and availability of harm reduction services.

> Read more

Mainline: doping in recreational sports

Although evidence is somewhat scattered, the use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is long said to be on the rise in the recreational sport scene. It concerns substances that help people lose weight and/or build stronger muscles. Mainline is part of a new European project that aims to test two online interventions around PIED use. 

> Read more
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Kenya

Kenya (population 45 million) is an East-African country on the Indian Ocean that borders Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, South-Sudan and Ethiopia.

> Read more
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South Africa

The main drugs of choice in South Africa are alcohol, cannabis, heroin and methamphetamine. Methamphetamine is locally known as tik. Most heroin is smoked mixed with cannabis, a popular mix called whoonga, cocktail or nyope. Heroin injection, however, has been increasing in recent years. 

> Read more
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Innovations in Pakistan

Harm reduction programmes to improve the health and rights of People Who Use Drugs (PWUD) show similarities all over the world. In countries where PWUD lack access of quality harm reduction services; are being criminalised; and human rights are being violated, Mainline works hard to promote health and rights to the often ostracised and hidden populations. 

> Read more

Our finished projects

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Bridging the Gaps1: 2011 - 2015

Indonesia, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa and Tanzania (BtG2)

In the context of the Bridging the Gaps program, Mainline works with local partners in five countries to improve the health and human rights of drug users.

> Read more
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Georgia

Back to Society

Over two years ago, a new government came to power in Georgia. Many prisoners were then released at a rapid pace. They were not well prepared for their release and encountered problems with reintegration. Among these persons were many who use drugs.

> Read more
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The Netherlands & Belgium

Prevention of GHB overdose

In the Netherlands and Belgium, the number of young people frequently using gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) has been rising. GHB is used in nightlife. It is estimated that in the Netherlands alone there is a group of 22,000 people who use GHB daily and who have developed a strong physical dependence on GHB.

> Read more
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Georgia

Hepatitis C care for PUD

From 2014 till 2015 Mainline, together with its local partner Tanadgoma, implemented a series of interventions around Hepatitis C (HCV). The aim of the project was to understand the gaps and barriers to enrolment in the care cascade of hepatitis C prevention and treatment from the community perspective.

> Read more
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The Netherlands

Strong connections between use of drugs and unsafe sex work

On the initiative of Mainline, Prostitutie & Gezondheidscentrum 292 / Prostitution & Health Centre 292, P&G292 carried out a survey of male and transgender sex workers between November 2013 and February 2014 in close cooperation with the Public Health Service of Amsterdam (GGD).

> Read more
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South Africa

Tikking the Boxes

Until 2014, Mainline worked on the project Tikking the Boxes in South Africa. Since January 2015, South Africa has been participating in the Bridging the Gaps programme.

> Read more
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